Thermal Systems, Combustion and Air Pollution Control
(This 2 day shortcourse on Combustion/APC will be offered via ASME and AWMA periodically, as well as a direct in-house course for clients.)

Course Description

The course is focused on theory and operation of thermal systems and air pollution control. The interactions between the two are covered in detail.

Attendees must know and understand both the "front end" combustion system and "back end" air pollution control systems to comply with myriad regulations and promote safe and economical operation.  Part of the value of this course is the practical experience of the presenters and their knowledge of what works and what does not.   Case studies are used for illustration purposes and slides are utilized of actual industrial equipment.

The course is presented to industrial and institutional clients on demand.  It has also been presented periodically with sponsorship by organizations such as AWMA, Georgia Tech, and USEPA.

Course Outline

The course is primarily lecture, using overheads, slides, and videotapes, in a one or two day format.  The two-day course includes case study problem solving.

Combustion Basics
  • Fuels, hydrocarbon wastes, sulfur, Halogens/Chlorine, nitrogen, inorganics and metals
Combustion Safety
  • Fuel valve trains, flame safety relays, purge cycle, pilot ignition, trial for main burner ignition at low fire, burner tuning at load, types of burners, fuel supply systems flame and detonation arrestors, flashback prevention, LEL/UEL, periodic safety inspections and audits for combustion devices
Solids Handling
  • Solids handling for thermal treatment and air pollution control systems.  Includes pretreatment steps of crushing, shredding and grinding, oversize removal, removal of steel and iron via magnets, drying with lime, pugmills for mixing and cooling and moisturizing. Conveying systems are covered, including augers, pneumatic conveyors, belt conveyors, feeders, air locks, dragchains, weighbelts, and silos.
Regulatory Review
  • Basics of US regulations for Particulates, NOx, VOCs, Semivolatile organics:  Clean Air Act, MACT, RCRA/BIF, TSCA, CAM Rule, Credible Evidence Rule, PSM/RMP
Basics of Thermal Systems
  • Thermal Oxidizers, incinerators, cement and lightweight aggregate kilns, boilers, fired heaters, dryers, heat exchangers, heat recovery, fuel efficiency
Thermal Systems for
  • Process vent gases
  • Liquid and Solid Waste
  • Liquid injection, Rotary kilns, Hazardous Waste, MWC, MSW
  • Low temperature thermal desorbers for contaminated UST/Superfund/MGP waste/drilling mud
Air Pollution Control
  • Oxidizers and Condensers for VOCs, HAPs and NCGs;
  • Design to Prevent Reformation of Dioxins and Furans in APC system
  • Safety inspections
  • Flares, catalytic, thermal, recuperative, and regenerative thermal oxidizers, refrigerated condensers
  • NOx Control for Stationary Sources
  • Particulate matter, metals, and acid gases
  • Venturi scrubbers, collision scrubbers, ionizing wet scrubbers and wet electrostatic precipitators,  fabric filters, cyclone separators, coalescing mist eliminators, spray dryers, dry lime injection, packed columns, spray and tray columns, venturies, fans and blowers, duct coolers and condensers, stacks.
Controls, Monitors and Instrumentation
  • Instrumentation
  • Stack testing, sampling locations in system, EPA sampling methods for CO, CO2, NOx,  particulates, metals, volatile hydrocarbons, semi-volatile hydrocarbons including dioxins, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride and chlorine, continuous emission monitors, process controls, computer control
Solving Plant Problems
General Q&A


Course notes will be provided. 


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TMTS Associates, Inc. 399 Pavillion Street, Atlanta, GA 30315. 404-627-4722